All You Want to Know about Bone Marrow and Stem Cell Transplant in India
Before knowing more about the bone marrow transplantation, you should know what bone marrow is. Basically, it the soft and spongy tissue inside the bones that keeps your bones flexible and also the parental body of stem cells. To produce stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelet, bone marrow performs the main functions. Stem cells dwell inside the bone marrow which divides to create new cells. Once the cells get matured, they leave the bone marrow into the bloodstream. The small number of stem cells go into the blood and those are known as peripheral stem cells.
There are many best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India where patients around the world come for the treatment. It is true that bone marrow transplant is quite expensive. Still, in India, the cost is within range. That’s why patients from foreign countries come and get the best treatment here.
What Is Bone Marrow Transplant?
If you are suffering from viral infections or got severely injured, and your cells are damaged by long-going treatment process, like chemotherapy or radiation, bone marrow transplantation is done. Depending on the source of stem cells, the transplantation procedure has several names-
- Bone marrow transplant
- Cord blood transplant
- Peripheral blood stem cell transplant
All these three types of transplantation process are known as hematopoietic stem cell transplant. For bone marrow transplantation, stem cells are collected from three sources-
- Bone marrow
- Umbilical cord blood of the newborns
- The bloodstream/peripheral stem cells.
Historical Background of Bone Marrow Transplantation
Medical science is growing and getting updated every day. Bone marrow transplantation is a medicinal boon to treat incurable diseases like cancer. Today, people can still have the ray of hope as there is bone marrow transplantation at the bone marrow transplant hospitals India. The first successful bone marrow transplantation was done in 1968. After that, within two decades, medical science has developed so much that deriving stem cells from peripheral blood have become possible for transplantation.
In recent years, doctors have started using the blood of the umbilical cord of the newborns as the important source of stem cells. Presently, more than 50,000 transplantation is done in one year and the success rate is also quite high.
When Bone Marrow Transplantation Is Needed
Stem cells are transplanted to replace bone marrow when a patient is suffering from-
- Aplastic anemia
- Inherited blood disease
- Continue chemotherapy
- Diseases of immune system
- Cancer radiation therapy
While patients are suffering from these issues, the existing stem cells fail to create new blood. Therefore, stem cells transplantation is the only option one have.
In certain types of cancer, like lymphoma, myeloma, or leukemia, stem cells are attacked fast and fail to produce blood cells. Bone marrow transplantation is the only option that the patients have.
These are information you need to know about bone marrow transplantation. Today, medical science has improved a lot and the professional and skilled doctors are there to give you the best treatment so that you get cured faster.